Deductive essay is a type of essay when it is based on a deductive outline, it means that thought moves from the whole to the parts. You are in fact telling your readers what the essay is all about when you present the central idea (thesis); they do not expect surprises, but rather a fuller explanation and discussion. Such an arrangement achieves the purpose of the deductive essay—to present and offer proof of the main idea.
In addition to the difference in reader expectation involved in reverse thought arrangements, another major difference between deductive and inductive essays is their focus. It might be said that a deductive essay is product while an inductive is process. The deductive essay begins where the inductive ends: it emphasizes the results and implications of a thought, achieving a favorable response primarily with the details offered to explain and justify the thought. On the other hand, the inductive recreates the thought process itself by demonstrating how the conclusion is evolved from the details. And in moving from details to a conclusion, the writer purposely tries to involve the reader in every stage of reasoning in order to convince him of the validity of the question’s answer or the problem’s solution.
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