Custom essays on What Does Gender Have to Do with Society
Speaking about evolutionary psychology, it should be pointed out that this approach basically stands on the ground that the difference between sexes and behavior of males and females are determined by the difference in their optimal reproductive style (Basile, 2004). This means that males and females have different trends in their reproductive style and their reproductive success is determined by different factors as well as the assessment of the reproductive success is measured differently by males and females that is the result of the evolutionary development of human race, where representatives of different sexes fulfilled different functions in society in terms of their parental investment (Shortt, 1998).
Finally, it is necessary to remember about the significant impact of social environment on the formation of gender roles. Specialists point out that male and female gender roles are, to a significant extent, defined by biases and stereotypes existing in society (Shortt, 1998). In fact, these biases and stereotypes define norms of social behavior of both males and females. As a result, it is quite difficult for people to violate the existing gender roles. In this regard, it should be said that the deviation from the existing gender roles will lead to the opposition from the part of society, which is unable to accept behavior that does not match social standards. On the other hand, individuals are often affected by gender roles so significantly that they obey them unconsciously and are simply unwilling to change gender roles. As a result, gender becomes highly dependent on the existing social norms and biases.custom essays
Thus, taking into account all above mentioned, it is possible to conclude that biological and evolutionary perspectives on the difference between sex and gender vary considerably. At the same time it is still possible to trace some common features between both perspectives. For instance, genetic and heritage is quite important to both biological and evolutionary psychology in their approach to sex and gender. On the other hand, biological perspective basically focuses on the purely physiological difference both internal and external between males and females that determines the difference in the behaviour of both sexes. In stark contrast, evolutionary psychology basically focuses on the factors that played the key role in the evolution of human race and which actually determined the difference in behavior of representatives of different sexes. Nevertheless, in spite of the existing differences in views of supporters of biological and evolutionary approaches, they are important and may be viewed as complementary since they help better understand the differences between male and female behavior and its causes. Also, it should be said that gender and society are closely interrelated and it is impossible to think of gender without taking into consideration society and vice versa.
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