Causes of terrorism college essay
Unquestionably, in order to solve the problem of terrorism, it is necessary to known its causes. In fact, it should be said that there are a lot of factors that contribute to the spread of terrorism in the world.
First of all, it should be said that terrorism is basically caused by socio-economic problems of the modern world. In actuality, vast masses of people in many countries of the world live beyond ceil of poverty. These people are deprived practically of elementary opportunities to lead a normal life because of their poverty which prevents them from enjoying all the benefits, or at least the basic ones, of the modern world. As a result, people living in poverty are willing to change their position but they cannot change it in legal way. In such a situation, terrorist organizations offer them the means to change the world but, to attract people to obviously illegal actions, they use ideology, for instance, some religion. Thus, low layers of society are sources of human force to terrorist organizations while terrorist organizations supply this people with the ideal that make their life easier and really meaningful.
At larger scale, terrorism may be supported by states and its cause is also economic since developing countries suffering from a bunch of socio-economic problems are getting to be poorer and poorer because of the globalization, while developed countries grow richer. No wonder that the developing countries may be viewed as a source of terrorism, while the developed countries are the most active fighters against this threat.
Speaking about the modern terrorism specifically, it is possible to estimate that the causes of the currently progressing religious terrorism may be found in the historical opposition of European, or Western, and the Middle East, or Oriental, civilizations. In fact, the conflicts and ideological opposition between West and East may be traced since the beginning of the Crusades.
Paradoxically, but another cause of the modern terrorism is the end of the Cold War. As it has been already mentioned above, during the Cold War it has been impossible to launch war without sanction of a superpower, the US or the USSR. After the end of the Cold War, there is no alternative to theUS, which turns to be unable fully control the entire world. As a result, the opposition to Western lifestyle, to developed countries, and struggle for improvement of life in developing countries often results in the creation of terrorist organizations. No wonder that Afghanistan has become one of the major states supporting terrorism.
The modern problem of terrorism and its effects
In such a situation, it is quite natural that the most terrible terror attacks occurred after the end of the Cold War. In this respect, it should be pointed out that 2000s were particularly bloodthirsty, though terrorism was steadily progressing in the Middle East, especially as a part of the conflict between Israel, on the one hand, and Palestine and neighboring Arab states, on the other hand.
Among the most notorious terror attacks the leadership of September 11, is beyond doubts. In the result of this terror attack, planned and organized by Al Qaeda, thousands of people have died and millions have been shocked and suffered from profound psychological traumas. It is worthy of mention that it was not only American nation that was shaken by this terror attack but the whole world was shocked. This terror attack produced a profound impact not only on psychological state of many people but it also caused economic harm to the US as well as many other countries. For instance, the American air industry has been in a profound crisis since September 11, and it is still recovering. More recently, Madrid subway was also attacked resulting in numerous deaths and it was another tremendous blow that has shaken the entire world. Actually, the list of notorious terror attack may be continued, while the two mentioned above are just the most harmful.
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