Buy essay: Ethical Issue Facing Health Care: Ethical Considerations in Organ Transplants
The problem of the organ transplantation was closely intertwined with ethical considerations since, on the one hand, organ transplants are vitally important for patients suffering serious diseases, such as kidney-related diseases, while, on the other hand, many people view organ donation as an ethically unacceptable act because of religious or cultural considerations. In such a situation, the organ transplantation becomes a highly controversial issue which still involves numerous discussions among specialists and the public. Nevertheless, it proves beyond a doubt that the organ transplantation is necessary and the modern health care system should assist to the positive perception of the organ transplantation by the public because, according to the article “Organ Transplant Shortages: A Matter of Life and Death” by Charles T. Calstrom and Christy D. Rollow, a significant shortage of organ transplants may cause deaths of many patients suffering from serious diseases when patients are needing immediate transplantations. However, the shortage of organ transplants is enforced by the existing system of distribution of organ transplants among patients which actually raised probably the most controversial ethical issue related to the problem of organ transplantation – selling organs. buy essay
Obviously, this ethical dilemma is very important because selling organs transforms the organ transplantation into a kind of business. In this respect, it is possible to speak about the problem of the organ transplantation caused by the financial position of an individual. What is meant here is the risk of the use of the organ transplantation to improve the financial position of an individual or family who live in poverty. In such a situation, people can start selling organs to improve the social position of their families or their own social position. At the same time, selling organs raises the problem of the price. In fact, it is quite difficult to assess the value of organs which play a vitally important role in the functioning of human body and, therefore, influence the life of an individual.
In such a context, the authors of the article suggest using the market-based approach for the sake of the solution of the problem of the severe organ shortage. In other words, the authors of the article stand on the ground that selling organs is an acceptable measure that can be used in order to save the life of people who need the organ transplantation. In actuality, the authors justify their decision by a purely utilitarian approach arguing that the amount of deaths and the amount of saved lives should be determinant in the solution of the ethical dilemma related to the organ transplantation.
In order to support their position and justify their solution of the problem of the shortage of organ transplantation, the authors refer to the statistical information concerning the shortage of organ transplants. On the basis of their calculations, they conclude that the use of selling organs can solve, at least partially the problem of the shortage of the organ transplantation. At the same time, on analyzing the costs of treatment of patients who need the organ transplantation, the authors also argue that the market-based approach to the problem may be the most effective among all of the existing solutions.
Thus, it is possible to conclude that Calstrom and Rollow view the problem of the organ transplantation and the shortage of organ transplants from utilitarian point of view and selling organs is an acceptable measure for them, though such a solution can definitely evoke a strong opposition in the society.
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